If you want to access URIs that use the https protocol via Perl you need to install SSL support. ActiveState's repository has no SSL Perl module(s) available so you can't install it using the default settings with ppm. A solution is to use the excellent Perl repository of the University of Winnipeg.
The following lines are a copy of an installation of Crypt::SSLeay which adds the support for the https protocol by downloading the required files from the University of Winnipeg repository. I installed ActivePerl on my D: drive hence the change of the default location for the DLLs. The operating system is Windows 2000 Professional running Perl 5.8.0 build 806 by ActiveState (ActivePerl builds 8xx). If you're using Perl 5.6.x (ActivePerl builds 6xx) make sure that you use http://theoryx5.uwinnipeg.ca/ppmpackages/Crypt-SSLeay.ppd to install from.
ppm> install http://theoryx5.uwinnipeg.ca/ppms/Crypt-SSLeay.ppd ==================== Install 'Crypt-SSLeay' version 0.51 in ActivePerl 184.108.40.2066. ==================== Downloaded 29927 bytes. Extracting 15/15: blib/html/site/lib/Crypt/SSLeay.html Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\auto\Crypt\SSLeay\SSLeay.bs Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\auto\Crypt\SSLeay\SSLeay.dll Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\auto\Crypt\SSLeay\SSLeay.exp Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\auto\Crypt\SSLeay\SSLeay.lib Installing D:\Perl\html\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay.html Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Net\SSL.pm Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay.pm Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay\Conn.pm Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay\CTX.pm Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay\Err.pm Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay\MainContext.pm Installing D:\Perl\site\lib\Crypt\SSLeay\X509.pm The library ssleay32.dll is needed to complete the installation, and should be placed in a directory somewhere in your PATH environment variable. I can fetch and install this for you, if you don't already have it. Fetch ssleay32.dll? [yes] yes Fetching http://theoryx5.uwinnipeg.ca/ppms/scripts/ssleay32.dll ... done! Where should ssleay32.dll be placed? [/Perl/bin] D:/Perl/bin ssleay32.dll has been successfully installed to D:/Perl/bin The library libeay32.dll is needed to complete the installation, and should be placed in a directory somewhere in your PATH environment variable. I can fetch and install this for you, if you don't already have it. Fetch libeay32.dll? [yes] yes Fetching http://theoryx5.uwinnipeg.ca/ppms/scripts/libeay32.dll ... done! Where should libeay32.dll be placed? [/Perl/bin] D:/Perl/bin libeay32.dll has been successfully installed to D:/Perl/bin Successfully installed Crypt-SSLeay version 0.51 in ActivePerl 220.127.116.116. ppm>
After installation of the Crypt::SSLeay module and required DLLs, the following example Perl program
should no longer produce
501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported but return an HTML
# https-test.pl - HTTPS GET example # # © Copyright, 2004-2005 By John Bokma, http://johnbokma.com/ # # $Id$ use strict; use warnings; use LWP::UserAgent; my $url = 'https://www.helsinki.fi/'; my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new; my $response = $ua->get( $url ); $response->is_success or die "Failed to GET '$url': ", $response->status_line; print $response->as_string;
A version of Perl for Microsoft Windows (Win32) operating systems can be downloaded from the ActiveState website.