Today Denise posted a question regarding using a permanent redirect from one part of her site on an Apache web server, to another part of her site for all files to the Usenet group alt.internet.search-engines:
Can't quite figure this out, so thought I'd ask one of the 301 gurus here ~ What is the proper way to redirect all the pages in a particular subdirectory to the homepage using a 301 without doing a 301 for each page separately? For instance, every page in http://www.example.com/something/ would redirect to http://www.example.com (where one would find a note that the /something/ part of the site unfortunately no longer exists). I tried this: RedirectPermanent /something/ http://www.example.com/ and it works perfectly when someone types in http://www.example.com/something - it redirects to http://www.example.com But when someone goes to http://www.example.com/something/particularpage.html it redirects to www.example.com/particularpage.html when I want it just to redirect to http://www.example.com I know I can do a separate 301 for each page in the /something/ directory - but that would take a lot of time & space, so I'm hoping there's a more elegant solution. Sure there's something elementary I'm missing - hoping someone can set me straight. Thanks! Denise
From the above message it was clear that she was using the Apache HTTP server so I replied with the following solution (excerpt):
Anyway (untested): RedirectMatch permanent /something/.* http://www.example.com/ See: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/1.3/mod/mod_alias.html#redirectmatch
The directive RedirectMatch, provided by the mod_alias module of the Apache web server, can take either 2 or 3 parameters:
RedirectMatch [status] regex URL
The status is optional and defaults to temporary (302). Since Denise wanted a permanent redirect, also known as 301 redirect since that's the corresponding status code, I specified "permanent".
The second parameter (when status is given, otherwise it's the first) consists of a regular expression.
Since she wants everything that starts with /something to go to a different URL I used
which matches /something/ followed by zero or more characters. This seems to miss out /something but I assumed
that /something would redirect to /something/. The latter is matched by the given regular expression and hence
the permanent redirect does take place.
And indeed this permanent redirect solution did work because shortly after Denise replied to my Usenet post with the message that "It works perfectly!".